Bedbugs (or bed bugs
) are small nocturnal insects of the family Cimicidae
that live by hematophagy, that is by feeding on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded hosts. Adult bedbugs are a reddish brown, flattened, oval, and wingless, with microscopic hairs that give them a banded appearance.
Life Cycle Of Bedbugs
Female bedbugs can lay up to five eggs in a day and 500 during a lifetime. The eggs are visible to the naked eye measuring 1 mm in length (approx. two grains of salt) and are a milky-white tone. The eggs hatch in one to two weeks. The hatchlings begin feeding immediately. They pass through five molting stages before they reach maturity.
They must feed once during each of these stages.
At room temperature, it takes about five weeks for a bedbug to pass from hatching, through the stages,
to maturity. They become reproductively active only at maturity.
While bedbugs have been known to harbor pathogens in their bodies, including plague and hepatitis B, they have not been linked to the transmission of any disease and are not regarded as a medical threat. Some individuals, however, can get skin infections and scars from scratching bites. While bedbugs are not regarded as a vector of transmissible diseases, they may be a significant source of alarm or distress.
Bedbugs are generally active only at dawn, with a peak attack period about an hour before dawn, though given the opportunity, they may attempt to feed at other times. Attracted by warmth and the presence of carbon dioxide, the bug pierces the skin of its host with two hollow tubes. With one tube it injects its saliva, which contains anticoagulants and anesthetics, while with the other it withdraws the blood of its host. After feeding for about five minutes, the bug returns to its hiding place. The bites cannot usually be felt until some minutes or hours later, as a dermatological reaction to the injected agents.
Control & Prevention Tips
- Change Bedcovers, sofa covers frequently.
- Regularly mop and dust the premise.
- Use Bedbugs proof mattresses if available.
- Spray disinfectant around the corners of the premise, bed, furniture, etc.
- Consult a Pest control Company for suitable treatment.